Healthcare in Vietnam

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Allianz Care - Vietnam

Vietnam is fast becoming a popular choice amongst expats as the country offers the ideal combination of good earning potential, low cost of living and high quality of life. Expats moving to Vietnam will find a healthcare system where aspects of Eastern and Western medicine combine.

Plans are currently underway to develop a universal healthcare system to cover all those resident in Vietnam for basic medical care. As it stands, most Vietnamese citizens have to pay for medical services themselves at both public and private hospitals. In many cases, people that can afford it opt to use private facilities as these tend to be better equipped.

Expats should invest in a health insurance policy that covers them for treatment at private healthcare establishments before moving to Vietnam.

Public healthcare in Vietnam

Expats who live in Vietnam often report that the standard of the country’s public hospitals is not on par with what they would be accustomed to.

Public hospitals in Vietnam are often underfunded inadequately equipped. Doctors and medical staff at these facilities generally only speak Vietnamese. Furthermore, waiting times can be frustratingly long.  In rural areas, the quality and availability of healthcare is considerably worse, and in some of the more remote parts of the country healthcare is almost non-existent.

For these reasons, it makes sense that expats as well as many Vietnamese people opt for private treatment.

Private healthcare in Vietnam

Thankfully, the standard of private hospitals in Vietnam is excellent and more or less in line with standards that expats would be used to. Private hospitals in Hanoi or Ho Chi Minh City are often staffed by doctors and medical professionals from the USA, Korea, Japan and France. Furthermore, Vietnamese doctors at these hospitals have often trained overseas and therefore are likely to speak good English and/or French.

Most basic treatment at private healthcare facilities will be covered by a good international health insurance policy. The cost associated with specialists such as dentists or dermatologists can vary considerably so expats should research which elective treatments their health insurance policy covers. While prices for specialist treatment are still relatively cheaper than what one would pay in the West, practices which market themselves for expats tend to charge more than those that work with the local population.

Health insurance

As the national health insurance plan in Vietnam is still a work in progress, locals that can afford it arrange private cover. For expats, it’s best to invest in an international health insurance policy before moving to Vietnam.

Wherever possible expats are advised to check with the hospital and insurance company to ensure that their procedures are covered. Furthermore, expats should opt for a policy that covers them for medical evacuation and treatment outside Vietnam. In many cases, expats and wealthier Vietnamese people travel to Bangkok or Singapore for better treatment and emergencies.

Pharmacies in Vietnam

Expats can rest assured that pharmacies in Vietnam are well represented within bigger towns and cities. They are usually located on any shopping street or in malls, and are generally well-stocked.

Purchasing medicine over the counter is pretty straightforward. However, expats should keep an eye out for counterfeit medicines or drugs which have expired. More reputable pharmacies are those attached to private hospitals or clinics.

Health hazards in Vietnam

By taking some basic precautions expats can minimise the chances of experiencing major health hazards during their stay in Vietnam.

Tap water in Vietnam isn’t safe for drinking and therefore expats should use bottled water instead. Avoiding ice in drinks at bars and restaurants in Vietnam is also recommended.

Temperatures in Vietnam can soar so sunburn, sunstroke and dehydration are significant problems for new arrivals to the country. Always wear sunscreen with high UV protection. Those who plan on spending a significant amount of time in the Vietnamese countryside are advised to go on a course of malaria medication.

All basic vaccinations should be up-to-date before moving to Vietnam. Those travelling from parts of South America and Africa may be required to be in possession of yellow fever certificate.

Emergency services in Vietnam

In the event of any emergency, the number to call in Vietnam is 115. Unfortunately, ambulance response times in Vietnam are slow. Furthermore, paramedics don’t necessarily speak English and equipment may be substandard.

Most private hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi operate faster and more efficient private ambulance services.


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